UAS Authorization Types - ISU Office of the Vice President for Research

UAS Authorization Types

Types of UAS Authorizations

Recreational or Hobby Use of Model Aircraft:         

Recreational or hobby UAS use is flying for enjoyment and not for work, business purposes, or for compensation or hire. In the FAA's Interpretation of the Special Rule for Model Aircraft, the FAA relied on the ordinary, dictionary definition of these terms. UAS use for hobby is a "pursuit outside one's regular occupation engaged in especially for relaxation." 

Public Certificate of Waiver or Authorization:

Authorization to fly a public aircraft for a governmental function. ‘Aeronautical research’ qualifies as a public function and is interpreted as research and testing of the UAS themselves, the control systems, sensors, or developing specific functions and capabilities for them.

Section 333 Exemption and Blanket Certificate of Waiver or Authorization:

Authorization for pre-approved unmanned aircraft to perform commercial operations when operated by a pilot with at least a sport pilot license.

Part 107 – Small Unmanned Aircraft Regulations:

Authorization allowing small UAS operations for many non-recreational purposes, without requiring airworthiness certification, exemption, or a COA. This authorization requires a remote pilot airman certificate, or being under the direct supervision of a person with the certificate. Non-pilots must take an aeronautical knowledge test and undergo a security background check before issuing a certificate.

 

ISU UAS Authorization Comparison

Requirements

Recreational/Hobby

Public COA

Section 333

Part 107

 

Registration

($5 for an individual, $5 per aircraft)

Individual

Aircraft

Aircraft

Aircraft

Licensing Requirement

None

Conditional

Private Pilot

sUAS Cert.

Licensing Cost

$0

$350-

$10,000

$4,000-

$10,000

$150

Recurrent training

 

Biennial flight review

Biennial flight review

Recurrent sUAS Certification every 24 months

Aircraft Availability

Any

Any

Pre-Approved Only

Any

Altitude Limit

400 ft

Conditional

400 ft

400 ft above ground level
(more if flying near or over structure – see part 107)

Weight limit

55 pounds

55 pounds

55 pounds

55 pounds

Speed limit

 

100 mi. per hour

100 mi. per hour

100 mi. per hour

Time of day

 

Night time flying not recommended due to visual line of site (in AMA safety code)

Daylight hours only

Daylight hours only

Between official sunrise and sunset, with anti-collision lights used during civil twilight (dusk and dawn)

Authorization at ISU

FPM

FPM & ORI

FPM & ORI
(if operated by ISU)

FPM & ORI
(if operated by ISU)

Visual line of sight

Keep UAS within visual sight
(AMA Safety Code)

Required

Required

Required

Buffer

At least 25 feet

At least 500 feet from other property

At least 500 feet from other property

No buffer

Weather

Do not fly in adverse weather conditions such as in high winds or reduced visibility

 

3 mi. visibility, 500 ft. below clouds, 2000 ft. horizontally away from clouds

 

 

3 mi. visibility, 500 ft. below clouds, 2000 ft. horizontally away from clouds

 

 

3 mi. visibility, 500 ft. below clouds, 2000 ft. horizontally away from clouds

 

Operating from a moving vehicle

 

Not allowed

Not allowed

Allowed in certain circumstances
 

Operation above people

Never fly over groups of people, stadiums or sports events (in AMA Safety Code)

Cannot fly over non-participants unless they are under a covered structure providing protection

 

Cannot fly over non-participants unless they are under a covered structure

Cannot fly over non-participants unless they are under a covered structure providing protection

 

Monthly COA reporting requirements

No

Yes

Yes

 

No

 

Incident Reporting requirements

No

Yes

Yes

Within 10 days of serious injury, loss of consciousness, or damage greater than $500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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If you want to fly or hire a vendor to fly an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) on/over ISU property, whether indoors or outdoors, permission is required from ISU. UAS pilots must also comply with the requirements of the Federal Aviation Administration.  For more information, please visit ORI’s UAS webpage or contact us by email.

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